NOVEL MECHANISM OF ALUMINUM TOXICITY RELATED TO SUGAR METABOLISM

  • Y. Yamamoto Institute of Plant Science and Resources, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
  • T. Sasaki Institute of Plant Science and Resources, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
Keywords: Aluminum toxicity, cell elongation, ROS, sugar uptake, water potential

Abstract

Aluminum ion is a major factor to limit crop productivity in acidic soils. Aluminum ion accumulates on root apices,
which immediately leads to the inhibition of cell elongation (namely, the inhibition of root elongation). In addition,
the enhancement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is commonly observed in roots under aluminum
stress. These symptoms are also observed in actively growing cells in culture. The elucidation of the mechanisms
of aluminum toxicity is necessary to find out effective strategies to overcome aluminum stress. For this purpose,
we investigated the responses to aluminum in cultured cell system as well as root system of tobacco, focusing on
sugar metabolism. We found that aluminum ion immediately inhibits sugar uptake, which seems to be a
mechanism whereby aluminum ion inhibits water uptake (namely, the inhibition of cell elongation). The pathway
from the inhibition of sugar uptake till ROS production in the cells under aluminum stress should be elucidated in
the future.

Published
2019-05-20