IoT Based Remote Poultry Monitoring Systems for Improving Food Security and Nutrition: Recent Trends and Issues
Keywords:Poultry monitoring, poultry production, poultry welfare, food systems, IoT, food security
Improved food security and safety is crucial for all countries to have the capability to meet the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDGs). This article seeks to contribute towards sustainable future food systems in the poultry industry so as to achieve the UNSDGs that include ending poverty, having zero hunger, good health and well-being, industry innovation and infrastructure especially in developing countries. Considering the prevailing Covid-19, global climate change and variability, the design of improved automated systems to continuously monitor poultry health and welfare is crucial to boost production and satisfy the increasing food demand. Poultry production significantly contributes to the world’s food industry and heavily depends on the environmental conditions in which the poultry is raised. This article reviews recently proposed IoT-based remote poultry monitoring systems. The IoT-based automated systems that are discussed in this paper utilize a variety of sensors, video/image surveillance, algorithms, sound analysis techniques and so on for poultry monitoring. The advantages and limitations of the proposed systems in literature are briefly outlined. In addition, a discussion of the these recently proposed systems is provided. Challenges and possible solutions are also highlighted. This article seeks to assist the research community to produce improved IoT-based remote poultry monitoring systems that outperform the existing systems to boost productivity and profitability. Besides, this proposed study also seeks to encourage the utilization of modern automated poultry monitoring technologies to improve poultry productivity. It is also anticipated that this work will guide policy makers in decision making.